39. XFEL structure of carbonic anhydrase II: a comparative study of XFEL, NMR, X-ray and neutron structures

Joshua A. Hull, Cheol Lee, Jin Kyun Kim, Seon Woo Lim, Jaehyun Park, Sehan Park, Sang Jae Lee, Gisu Park, Intae Eom, Minseok Kim, HyoJung Hyun, Jacob E. Combs, Jacob T. Andring, Carrie Lomelino, Chae Un Kim, Robert McKenna.

Acta Cryst. (2024). D80



38. Role of water structure and dynamics for the catalytic power of carbonic anhydrase

Jin Kyun Kim and Chae Un Kim

In preparation.


37. Infrared-induced ultrafast melting of nanostructured platinum films probed by an X-ray free-electron laser

Luca Gelisio, Young Yong Kim, Seon Woo Lim, Daewoong Nam, Intae Eom, Minseok Kim, Sangsoo Kim, Ruslan Khubbutdinov, Li Xiang, Hoyeol Lee, Moonhor Ree, Chae Un Kim and Ivan A. Vartanyants



36. Type-II Red Phosphorus: Wavy Packing of Twisted Pentagonal Tubes

Jun-Yeong Yoon, Yangjin Lee, Dong-Gyu Kim, Dong Gun Oh, Jin Kyun Kim, Linshuo Guo, Jungcheol Kim, Jeongheon Choe, Kihyun Lee, Hyeonsik Cheong, Chae Un Kim, Young Jai Choi, Yanhang Ma,* and Kwanpyo Kim*

Angewandte chemie (2023), e202307102




35. The Boltzmann fair division for distributive justice  

Ji-won Park*, Jaeup U. Kim, Cheol-Min Ghim, Chae Un Kim*

Scientific Reports (2022) 12:16179 


34. Intra-instrument channel workable, optical-resolution photoacoustic and ultrasonic mini-probe system for gastrointestinal endoscopy

Minjae Kim, Kang Won Lee, Kisik Kim, Oleksandra Gulenko, Cheol Lee, Bora Keum, Hoon Jai Chun, Hyuk Soon Choi*, Chae Un Kim*, Joon-Mo Yang*

Photoacoustics (2022) 26 100346


33. Creating Tunable Mesoporosity by Temperature-Driven Localized Crystallite Agglomeration

Seok Jeong, Youjung Sim, Jin Kyun Kim, Sunyoung Shin, Jaewoong Lim, Junmo Seong, Seonghwan Lee, Dohyun Moon, Seung Bin Baek, Chae Un Kim*, Ja-Hyoung Ryu* and Myoung Soo Lah*

Small (2022) 2107006, 1-8


32. Getting to a feasible income equality

Ji-Won Park * and Chae Un Kim*

PLoS ONE (2021) 16(3): e0249204


31. Elucidating the role of metal ions in carbonic anhydrase catalysis

Jin Kyun Kim, Cheol Lee, Seon Woo Lim, Aniruddha Adhikari, Jacob T. Andring, Robert McKenna, Cheol-Min Ghim and Chae Un Kim*

Nature Communications (2020), 11 : 4557


30. Structural insights into the effect of active-site mutation on the catalytic mechanism of carbonic anhydrase

Jin Kyun Kim, Cheol Lee, Seon Woo Lim, Jacob T. Andring, Aniruddha Adhikari, Robert McKenna and Chae Un Kim*

IUCrJ (2020). 7, 985-994 

Scientific Commentary : Kim 2020


29. Structure and mechanism of copper–carbonic anhydrase II: a nitrite reductase

Jacob T. Andring, Chae Un Kim and Robert McKenna

IUCrJ (2020). 7, 287–293

Scientific Commentary : Liljas 2020


28. Direct imaging of structural disordering and heterogeneous dynamics of fullerene molecular liquid

Jeongheon Choe, Yangjin Lee, Jungwon Park, Yunho Kim, Chae Un Kim*, Kwanpyo Kim*

Nature Communications (2019), 10:4395


27. Structures of three ependymin-related proteins suggest their function as a hydrophobic molecule binder

Jeong Kuk Park, Keon Young Kim, Yeo Won Sim, Yong-In Kim, Jin Kyun Kim, Cheol Lee, Jeongran Han, Chae Un Kim*, J. Eugene Lee* and SangYoun Park*

IUCrJ (2019) 6, 729-739


26. Carbonic anhydrase II microcrystals suitable for XFEL studies

Carrie L. Lomelino, Jin Kyun Kim, Cheol Lee, Seon Woo Lim, Jacob T. Andring, Brian P. Mahon, Moses Chung, Chae Un Kim* and Robert McKenna*

Acta Cryst. (2018) F74, 327-330


25. Active site solvent replenishment observed during human carbonic anhydrase II catalysis

Jin Kyun Kim, Carrie L. Lomelino, Balendu Sankara Avvaru, Brian P. Mahon, Robert McKenna, SangYoun Park* and Chae Un Kim*

IUCrJ (2018) 5, 93-102

Scientific Commentary : Scientific_Commentary_Kim2018


24. Tracking solvent and protein movement during CO2 release in carbonic anhydrase II crystals

Chae Un Kim*, HyoJin Song , Balendu Sankara Avvaru, Sol M. Gruner, SangYoun Park, and Robert McKenna

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA (2016) 113, 5257–5262


23. Reduction of Lattice Disorder in Protein Crystals by High Pressure Cryocooling

Qingqiu Huang, Sol M. Gruner, Chae Un Kim, Yuxin Mao, Xiaochun Wu, and Doletha M. E. Szebenyi

J. Appl. Cryst. (2016) 49, 149-157


22. Glass-to-cryogenic-liquid transitions in aqueous solutions suggested by crack healing

Chae Un Kim*, Mark W. Tate, and Sol M. Gruner

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA (2015) 112, 11765–11770



21. Cryogenic X-ray diffraction microscopy utilizing high-pressure cryopreservation

Enju Lima, Yuriy Chushkin, Peter van der Linden, Chae Un Kim, Federico Zontone, Philippe Carpentier, Sol M. Gruner, and Petra Pernot

Physical Review E (2014) 90, 042713


20. Slow-forming isopeptide bond in the structure of the major pilin SpaD from Corynebacterium diphtheriae has implications for pilus assembly

Hae Joo Kang, Neil G. Paterson, Chae Un Kim, Martin Middleditch, Chungyu Chang, Hung Ton-That and Edward N. Baker

Acta Cryst. (2014) D70, 1190-1201


19. Structure of a pseudokinase-domain switch that controls oncogenic activation of Jak kinases

Angela V. Toms, Anagha Deshpande, Randall McNally, Youngjee Jeong, Julia M. Rogers, Sol M. Gruner, Chae Un Kim, Scott B. Ficarro, Jarrod A. Marto, Martin Sattler, James D. Griffin, Michael J. Eck

Nat. Struct. Mol. Biol. (2013) 20, 1221-1223


18. Graphene as a protein crystal mounting material to reduce background scatter

Jennifer L. Wierman, Jonathan S. Alden, Chae Un Kim, Paul L. McEuen and Sol M. Gruner

J. Appl. Cryst. (2013) 46, 1501-1506


17. A high pressure cryocooling method for protein crystals and biological samples with reduced background X-ray scatter

Chae Un Kim*, Jennifer L. Wierman, Richard Gillilan, Enju Lima, Sol M. Gruner

J. Appl. Cryst. (2013) 46, 234-241


16. Structural and kinetic effects on changes in the CO2 binding pocket of human carbonic anhydrase II

Dayne West, Chae Un Kim, Chingkuang Tu, Jim Gordon, Arthur H. Robbins, Sol M. Gruner, David N. Silverman, and Robert McKenna

Biochemistry (2012) 51, 9156–9163


15. Complex structure of engineered modular domains defining molecular interaction between ICAM-1 and integrin LFA- 1

Sungkwon Kang, Chae Un Kim, Xiaoling Gu, Roisin M. Owens, Sarah van Rijn, Vanissra Boonyaleepun, Yuxin Mao, Timothy A. Springer and Moonsoo M. Jin

PLoS ONE (2012) 7(8), e44124


14. Permit allocation in emissions trading using the Boltzmann distribution

Ji-Won Park, Chae Un Kim and Walter Isard

Physica A (2012) 391, 4883-4890


13. Protein dynamical transition at 110 K

Chae Un Kim*, Mark W. Tate and Sol M. Gruner

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA (2011) 108, 20897-20901


12. High-pressure protein crystallography and NMR to explore protein conformations

Marcus D. Collins, Chae Un Kim, and Sol M. Gruner

Annu. Rev. Biophys. (2011) 40, 81-98


11. Microcrystallography, high pressure cryocooling and BioSAXS at MacCHESS

Ulrich Englich, Irina A. Kriksunov, Richard A. Cerione, Michael J. Cook, Richard Gillilan, Sol M. Gruner, Qingqui Huang, Chae Un Kim, William Miller, Søren Nielsen, David Schuller, Scott Smitha and Doletha M. E. Szebenyi

J. Synchrotron Radiat. (2011) 18, 70-73


10. A short, strong hydrogen bond in the active site of human carbonic anhydrase II

Balendu S. Avvaru, Chae Un Kim, Katherine H. Sippel, Sol M. Gruner, Mavis Agbandje- McKenna, David N. Silverman and Robert McKenna

Biochemistry (2010) 49, 249-251


9. Coupling of pressure-induced structural shifts to spectral changes in a yellow fluorescent protein

Buz Barstow, Nozomi Ando, Chae Un Kim and Sol M. Gruner

Biophys. J. (2009) 97, 1719- 1727


8. Evidence for liquid water during the high-density to low-density amorphous ice transition

Chae Un Kim, Buz Barstow, Mark W. Tate and Sol M. Gruner

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA (2009) 106, 4596-4600


7. Entrapment of carbon dioxide in the active site of carbonic anhydrase II

John F. Domsic, Balendu Sankara Avvaru, Chae Un Kim, Sol M. Gruner, Mavis Agbandje- McKenna, David N. Silverman and Robert McKenna

J. Biol. Chem. (2008) 283, 30766-30771


6. Alteration of citrine structure by hydrostatic pressure explains the accompanying spectral shift

Buz Barstow, Nozomi Ando, Chae Un Kim and Sol M. Gruner

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA (2008) 105, 13362-13366


5. Pressure induced high-density amorphous ice in protein crystals

Chae Un Kim, Yi-Fan Chen, Mark W. Tate and Sol M. Gruner

J. Appl. Cryst. (2008) 41, 1-7


4. High pressure cryocooling for capillary sample cryoprotection and diffraction phasing at long wavelengths

Chae Un Kim, Quan Hao and Sol M. Gruner

Acta Cryst. (2007) D63, 653-659


3. The RCK domain of the KtrAB K+ transporter: multiple conformations of an octameric ring

Ronald A. Albright, Jose-Luis Vazquez Ibar, Chae Un Kim, Sol M. Gruner and Joao Henrique Morais-Cabral

Cell (2006) 126, 1147-1159


2. Solution of protein crystallographic structures by high pressure cryocooling and noble gas phasing

Chae Un Kim, Quan Hao and Sol M. Gruner

Acta Cryst. (2006) D62, 687-694


1. High pressure cooling of protein crystals without cryoprotectants

Chae Un Kim, Raphael Kapfer and Sol M. Gruner

Acta Cryst. (2005) D61, 881-890